What is hosting and what type of hosting packages are there?
To place a website on the internet you need hosting. But what is hosting really, why is fast and secure hosting important and what are the different options regarding hosting? In this article I will explain it to you.
Hosting is basically nothing more or less than a piece of space that you rent on a computer that is connected to the internet day and night. A website is a collection of files (including the code itself, the database, images, styles, fonts…) and that collection of files should always be accessible to anyone from all over the world.
Hosting your website is placing your website on a piece of space on a computer connected to the internet.
A computer that is always connected to the internet and serves as a storage location for a website is called a (web) server. A server is often divided into a number of separate, so-called hosting packages. Such hosting packages can be purchased from a hosting provider, such as hostnet, one.com or from us: Real Online.
What are the different types of web hosting?
At Godaddy.com (a large bulk hosting party) they made a handy video about what hosting exactly means.
Do I need a single domain name?
When you purchase a hosting package somewhere, the internet assigns a series of numbers to that specific place. We call this sequence an IP address. You can reach your site via this IP address; you should see it as your address.
With this address information your guests know exactly which house they need to be at. However, an address is easy to remember and an IP address a lot more difficult. That’s why the smart people behind the internet invented the Domain Name System (DNS).
The DNS links your hard to remember IP address to an easy to remember domain name such as mijnwebsite.nl. When you purchase a domain name and hosting package from the same party, this link is made automatically. Often in hosting parties you can also first capture a domain name and then a hosting package to link.
How does the DNS system work?
Every time you enter a domain name in the address bar of your browser, the browser searches for the corresponding IP address. This information is stored with the domain name itself. If you register a domain name somewhere, the IP address of the hosting package stored in so-called DNS records. The browser looks through the DNS where the domain is registered and then asks for the IP address of the hosting package. A user notices nothing of this, and sees only the domain name in the browser.
Do I need an SSL certificate?
An SSL certificate encrypts the connection between your visitors browser and the server where your website is hosted. When you visit a website, which is encrypted with an SSL certificate, it is impossible for others to intercept your data. If it were not encrypted, it would be possible to check your password and email address when you log on to a website. After all, this information would be sent unencrypted to the server. For the General Data Protection Ordinance (AVG) it is even mandatory to have an SSL certificate when processing sensitive data.
If your website is secured with an SSL certificate, you will see it on the lock in the address bar. In addition, your website connects via the https protocol instead of the less secure http protocol.
An example of this site in Firefox. You can recognize a secure website by the fact that there is https instead of http for the domain name. Moreover, in many browsers you can see a lock in front of the domain name.
How much does an SSL certificate cost?
An SSL certificate costs on average between €10 and €80 per year, depending on a number of factors. For example, do you want to secure multiple websites under one certificate? Then it often costs a bit more. A simple – but very secure – certificate usually costs €10/€20 per year.
Because protecting the data of your visitors is so important, in America the organization Let’s Encryptop has even offered free certificates. These certificates are just as secure as paid variants, so very interesting. Would you like to make use of them? Check if your hosting provider allows you to register a Let’s Encrypt certificate. Of course we can help you install a certificate and we offer free Let’s Encrypt certificates for our hosting packages.
How do I register my own email address?
Would you like to e-mail under your own domain name, for example ? No problem. E-mail addresses are linked to your domain name. In order to be able to e-mail with the domain name yourcompanyname.nlwel in your possession.
Have you registered the domain name and requested a hosting package? Great! Then you can get started with creating email addresses. You can often do this yourself by logging into your hosting environment.
If you have a provider where you don’t have to do anything yourself and everything is arranged for you (as is the case with our hosting packages), you can just call or email and everything will be arranged automatically. You will then receive an email with the necessary information.
After you have created an email address, it must of course also be linked to your computer or phone. To do this, there are handy manuals, which explain where you have to fill in the data you received during the creation process. We also offer a simple manual ourselves.
What different types of hosting are there?
Hosting comes in different types and sizes, tailored to different needs and wishes. One often distinguishes the following types:
* Shared hosting: With shared hosting, multiple sites are hosted on 1 server (a few hundred and sometimes). So you share 1 server with many others. The advantage is that this is often very cheap hosting. You share the server with many others, so the costs for the hosting party are not high. The disadvantage is that if a site on that server is busy, all other sites on the same server will suffer. During peak hours, shared hosting can therefore be very slow. There can also be a big difference between shared hosting and shared hosting!
* Dedicated hosting: instead of sharing the server where your website is hosted with others you get a server for yourself! This way the traffic on other sites doesn’t affect your website. However, this is a lot more expensive, because the hosting party will give you a whole server and will not be able to put other sites on it anymore.
* Virtual Private Server (VPS) A VPS is a private virtual server on a network of physical servers. Each virtual server has its own operating system and file system. You have your own server at your disposal, where you can do anything you want with it, BUT you have to manage it yourself, update it, and protect it against malicious persons. This is not something for beginners! The advantage of a VPS is that you have your own server that is not affected by other sites and virtual servers on the same physical server. Moreover, a simple VPS is often reasonably affordable. The disadvantage is that you are responsible for the management of your own server. And this can become a tricky job after a while!
* Managed Hosting. With managed hosting, everything is taken out of your hands and you don’t have to do anything yourself anymore, such as updating, managing and protecting your server. You agree with your hosting party how powerful you want your server to be and they do the rest. The advantages seem clear to me, never worry and worry about your server/hosting again. The disadvantage: cheap is different…
Hosting your website on your own computer?
Ask yourself: can’t I ‘host’ my website on my own computer? Then the answer is: yes, you can. Although it’s not really a good idea… In order to host your website on your own computer, you have to make your computer accessible for the entire internet, your computer has to be switched on day and night. If your computer is turned off, your website will be unreachable. Moreover, it is not a wise idea to expose your own computer to the entire internet. Not only decent internet users, but also less friendly hackers and spammers. A lot of technical knowledge is needed to protect yourself against this. Most internet providers (such as KPN, Ziggo, XS4ALL) think the same about this and have made it extra difficult to expose your computer to the entire internet.
Hosting and maintenance at Real Online
Instead of getting started yourself or arranging a hosting package with one of the many hosting providers, you can also outsource the hosting of the website to us. The advantage of our packages is that we not only take care of the hosting, but also the maintenance of your website. Our packages are a combination of managed hosting VPS hosting. Your website is hosted on a separate room, where no other websites are hosted. Moreover, we make sure that the server and software are always up to date. The advantage? Normally managed hosting packages cost more than €50 per month, without maintenance of the website itself. We offer the full package for only €27.95 per month. In addition, you also have the possibility to have your website fully maintained by us.
Why is maintenance important?
Overdue maintenance means that your website is at risk and may be hacked. By overdue maintenance we mainly mean not updating plugins, templates and WordPress itself. Many updates are not only to add new functionalities, but also to prevent possible security risks. Do you purchase hosting from us? Then we make sure your website is always up to date. That way you never have to worry about your website, we will do that for you.
Included with our hosting packages
Our packages include the following:
* Fast SSD hosting: 512mb RAM, 1 CPU and 5gb storage (expandable).
* Free Let’s EncryptSSL certificate.
* PHP 7.2 (makes your site extra fast).
* Including domain name.
* Unlimited mailboxes.
* Free relocation service.
* Daily security checks.
* Daily backups.
Free hosting tests
Do you suffer from the fact that your (WordPress) site is very slow? We will gladly arrange a test account for you, so you can experience the speed of our hosting. There are no costs involved.
Need help choosing?